18 Km Jam Berapa M Detik

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Mengonversi meter/detik [m/s] <—> kilometer/jam [km/h]

1 meter/detik [m/s] = 3,6 kilometer/jam [km/h]

More about Speed and Velocity

An artistic representation of a flying bullet

Overview

Moving train. Railway station in Simferopol, Russia

Velocity is a measure of the direction and the speed of an object. Speed measures the rapidity of the movement of an object and it is scalar, while velocity is a vector. Linear velocity is calculated for objects moving in a straight line, while angular velocity is calculated for objects that are turning.

Calculating Velocity

The average velocity v can be calculated by dividing the total distance traveled, ∆x, by the average time traveled,
∆t: v = ∆x/∆t

The SI unit for speed is meters per second (m/s). Kilometers per hour are also commonly used, along with miles per hour in the UK and the USA. If the direction is added to that, then it becomes velocity. For example, 10 m/s south.

For objects that are accelerating, velocity is calculated as follows:

  • If an object is accelerating at a constant acceleration
    a
    with the initial velocity
    u
    for a period of time
    ∆t, the final velocity
    v
    is:
    v = u + a×∆t
  • If an object is accelerating at a constant acceleration
    a
    with the initial velocity
    u
    and a final velocity
    v, the average velocity is:
    ∆v = (u + v)
    / 2.

Average Speeds

Light and Sound

According to the theory of relativity, the speed of light in a vacuum is the fastest speed at which energy and information can travel. It is denoted as
c
and is equal to
c
= 299,792,458 meters per second. Travel at the speed of light for matter would require infinite energy, therefore matter does not travel at that speed.

The speed of sound is usually measured in an elastic medium, and it is 343.2 meters per second in dry air at 20 °C. This speed is higher in liquids and even faster in solids. It depends on the density, compressibility, and the modulus of rigidity of the material. Mach number
M
is a special variable of the ratio of the object’s speed within a fluid medium and the speed of sound in that medium. It is calculated as

M = v/a

Here
a
is the speed of sound in the medium, and
v
is the speed of the object. Mach number is used to represent speeds for objects moving close to the speed of sound or faster, such as aircraft. It is not a constant; it depends on the medium, which in turn varies with pressure and temperature. The speed is referred to as supersonic for objects that travel faster than Mach 1.

Vehicles

Some speeds for different vehicles are as follows:

  • Commercial airplanes with turbofan engines: the cruising speed ranges between 244 and 257 meters/second, 878 and 926 kilometers/hour, or 0.83 to 0.87 Mach.
  • High-speed trains (such as the Shinkansen in Japan): maximum speeds the trains run are at a range between 36 and 122 meters/second, or 130 and 440 kilometers/hour.

Animals

The maximum speed of a cat is 13 meters/second or 47 kilometers/hour

Some maximum speeds of animals are as follows:

  • Falcon: 89 meters/second, 320 kilometers/hour (about the same speed as high-speed trains)
  • Cheetah: 31 meters/second, 112 kilometers/hour (about the same speed as the slower high-speed trains)
  • Antelope: 27 meters/second, 97 kilometers/hour
  • Lion: 22 meters/second, 79 kilometers/hour
  • Gazelle: 22 meters/second, 79 kilometers/hour
  • Wildebeest: 22 meters/second, 79 kilometers/hour
  • Horse: 21 meters/second, 75 kilometers/hour
  • Hunting dog: 20 meters/second, 72 kilometers/hour
  • Elk: 20 meters/second, 72 kilometers/hour
  • London runners. Humans can run at speeds up to 30 km/h

  • Coyote: 19 meters/second, 68 kilometers/hour
  • Fox: 19 meters/second, 68 kilometers/hour
  • Hyena: 18 meters/second, 64 kilometers/hour
  • Rabbit: 16 meters/second, 56 kilometers/hour
  • Cat: 13 meters/second, 47 kilometers/hour
  • Grizzly bear: 13 meters/second, 47 kilometers/hour
  • Squirrel: 5 meters/second, 18 kilometers/hour
  • Pig: 5 meters/second, 18 kilometers/hour
  • Chicken: 4 meters/second, 14 kilometers/hour
  • Mouse: 3.6 meters/second, 13 kilometers/hour

Humans

  • Humans can walk at about 1.4 meters per second, which is 5 kilometers per hour, and run at speeds of up to about 8.3 meters per second, which is about 30 kilometers per hour.

Examples of Different Velocities

Four-velocity

While the classical velocity is a vector in three dimensions, in special and general relativity velocity has an additional fourth dimension, to be represented in spacetime. This velocity is also referred to as four-velocity. The four-velocity of an object changes in direction, but the value is constant at the speed of light
c. It is defined as:

Baca :   Contoh Soal Bentuk Umum Persamaan Lingkaran

U = ∂x/∂τ

Here
x
represents the world line, a unique distance that the object has traveled, and
τ
is the proper time or the time between two events in the reference frame of the two events.

Lunar space suit. Kennedy Space Center.

Group Velocity

A surfer. Miami Beach

Group velocity is measured for waves. It describes the combined shape of the waves’ amplitudes. It can be calculated by finding
∂ω/∂k, where k represents the angular wavenumber, which is the spatial frequency of the wave. It is usually measured in radians per meter. The angular frequency of the wave, a scalar measure of the rate of rotation, is denoted by
ω. It is generally measured in radians per second.

Hypervelocity

Hypervelocity is the velocity that is faster than 3000 meters per second. Solids moving with hypervelocity behave similarly to fluids because the stresses due to the inertia are much higher than the strength of the material upon impact. When the hypervelocity is extreme, the two colliding objects turn to the gas state, becoming vaporized. Objects move with hypervelocity in space and it is a phenomenon that the spacecraft designers and astronauts need to consider because collisions at these speeds cause significant damage to parts or to the entire spacecraft. NASA has a hypervelocity impact testing facility, where they experiment with hypervelocity impacts between the orbital debris and spacecraft and spacesuit materials. The researchers accelerate small objects to velocities greater than 7500 meters per second to test their impact on shields, spacecraft, and spacesuits.

References

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dan Anda akan mendapatkan jawaban dari penerjemah teknis berpengalaman dalam hitungan menit.

Pengonversi Satuan Umum

Panjang, massa, volume, luas, suhu, tekanan, energi, daya, kecepatan dan pengonversi satuan pengukuran populer lainnya.

Kecepatan Linear

Kecepatan
adalah besaran vektor yang menunjukkan seberapa cepat dan sejauh mana suatu benda berpindah ke arah tertentu. Dalam ilmu fisika, kecepatan berarti waktu yang diperlukan benda untuk berpindah dari satu tempat ke tempat lain, dan arah pergerakan. Kecepatan adalah kuantitas fisik vektor karena untuk menetapkannya dibutuhkan besaran dan arah.

Nilai absolut skalar (besaran) kecepatan adalah
laju, kuantitas yang diukur dalam
meter per detik
(m/s atau m·s⁻¹) jika menggunakan sistem SI (metrik). Dalam ilmu mekanika zat cair dan gas,
bilangan Mach
sering digunakan. Bilangan Mach adalah kuantitas nirdimensi yang mewakili laju benda yang berpindah melalui udara atau cairan lain dibagi dengan laju bunyi lokal. Biasanya bilangan ini digunakan untuk mewakili laju benda saat benda bergerak dengan kelajuan mendekati atau di atas kelajuan bunyi. “Mach 2” berarti benda bergerak dengan laju, sama dengan kelajuan bunyi dikalikan dua.

Baca :   Jelaskan Perbedaan Ikatan Ion Dan Ikatan Kovalen

Menggunakan Pengonversi Kecepatan Linear

Pengonversi satuan online ini memungkinkan konversi yang cepat dan akurat antar banyak satuan pengukuran, dari satu sistem ke sistem lainnya. Laman Konversi Satuan menyediakan solusi bagi para insinyur, penerjemah, dan untuk siapa pun yang kegiatannya mengharuskan bekerja dengan kuantitas yang diukur dalam satuan berbeda.

Anda bisa menggunakan pengonversi online ini untuk mengonversi antar beberapa ratus satuan (termasuk metrik, Inggris dan Amerika) dalam 76 kategori, atau beberapa ribu pasang termasuk akselerasi, luas, listrik, energi, gaya, panjang, cahaya, massa, aliran massa, kepadatan, kapasitas massa, daya, tekanan, tegangan, suhu, waktu, torsi, kecepatan, kekentalan, volume dan kapasitas, aliran volume, dan masih banyak lagi.

Catatan:
Bilangan bulat (angka tanpa desimal atau eksponen) dianggap akurat hingga 15 digit dan jumlah digit maksimum setelah titik desimal adalah 10.

Dalam kalkulator ini, lambang E digunakan untuk mewakili angka yang terlalu kecil atau terlalu besar.
Lambang E
adalah format alternatif dari lambang ilmiah a • 10x. Misalnya: 1.103.000 = 1,103 • 106
= 1,103E+6. Di sini E (dari eksponen) mewakili “• 10^”, yaitu “kali sepuluh yang dinaikkan ke kekuatan
”. Lambang E umumnya digunakan dalam kalkulator dan oleh ilmuwan, matematikawan dan insinyur.

  • Pilih satuan untuk dikonversikan dalam kotak sebelah kiri yang berisi daftar satuan.
  • Pilih satuan untuk dikonversi dalam kotak sebelah kanan yang berisi daftar satuan.
  • Masukkan nilai (misalnya “15”) ke dalam kotak
    Dari
    di sebelah kiri.
  • Hasil akan muncul di kotak
    Hasil
    dan di kotak
    Ke.
  • Alternatifnya, Anda bisa masukkan nilai ke kotak
    Ke
    di sebelah kanan dan membaca hasil konversi di kotak
    Dari
    dan
    Hasil.

Saluran YouTube untuk Pengonversi Unit TranslatorsCafe.com

18 Km Jam Berapa M Detik

Sumber: https://www.translatorscafe.com/unit-converter/id-ID/velocity/1-4/meter/detik-kilometer/jam/

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