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INFINITIVE

Infinitive adalah bentuk kata kerja dasar (verb 1). Infinitive dibagi menjadi 2 bagian : infinitive with to (to sleep, to come, to go), dan infinitive without to (sleep, come, go).

1 Adjective
Adjective menerangkan noun (kata benda).
Contoh :
- The motivation to work is important.
noun~ adjective
- I know the answer to solve my
nou/T” ^adjective problem.

2 Noun
Disini to infinitive berfungsi sebagai subject atau object.
Contoh :
- To swim in the sea alone js noun (subject) to be dangerous.
- They want to study English
S V noun (object)
everyday.

3 Subjective Compelement (SC)
Complement berarti pelengkap. Disini to infinitive berfungsi sebagai Subjective Complement (pelengkap subjek) yang biasanya muncul setelah linking verb to be (is, am, are, was, were).

Contoh :
- One way we can do now js
S to be
to talk to our boss. SC
- My intention of coming here is
S to be
to meet you. SC

4. Adverb
Disini infinitive to berfungsi sebagai adverb yang menerangkan verb atau adjective.

Contoh :
- She is too young to get married.
adjective*” yadverb
- This exercise is needed to sharpen
verb*^^adverb
our knowledge.
- I am glad to see you.
adjective’ adverb
- I enrolled this course to improve
verb ^ ■ —*^ adverb
my English.
Adjective yang diikuti oleh infinitive to sebagai adverb

Contoh :
- I am happy to meet you.
adjective* ^ adverb
- It is easy to say that.
adjective” ^adverb

B. Infinitive Without To
Infinitive without to digunakan : I. Setelah Modal Auxiliary : can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, ought to, must. Contoh :
- Ikara must sleep before 10 o’clock.
- Bus Dewanto should make a presentation tomorrow.

2. Setelah verb of perception (kata kerja yang berhubungan dengan panca-indera): see, hear, feel, smell, make, help, have, observe, let, listen to.
Contoh :
- They saw him cry.
- Please Jet me go.
••••

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