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CONCORD / SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT

Concord adalah persesuaian antara Subject dan Predikat. Jika Subjeknya singular, maka Predikatnya juga singular. Jika Subjeknya plural, maka Predikatnya juga plural.

1. Hubungan antara Subjek dan Predikat

Contoh :
1. The director is preparing the reports now.
2. There were 2 books on the table.
3. Yadi and Solbi have finished their reports.
4. Encyclopedia contains information about many things.

2. Kata-kata berikut dianggap singular sehingga harus diikuti oleh singular Predikat.

Contoh :
1. Something happens on our way to Bandung.
2. Nobody works in that company anymore.
3. Everybody likes her.
4. Every man, woman, and child needs love.
5. Each of the students likes studying.

3. Ungkapan berikut tidak mempe-ngaruhi hubungan Subjek dengan Predikat

Contoh :
1. The singer, together with the dancer, is performing on TV now.
2. Mr Maskur, accompanied by his wife and children, orders pizza every weekend.

4. Jika Subjek dan Predikat dibatasi oleh Prepositional Phrase (sekelompok kata yang dimulai dengan Preposition/kata depan), Prepositional Phrase itu tidak mempengaruhi hubungan Subjek dengan Predikat.

Contoh :
I. The effects of this medicine are very obvious after one hour.
2. Your theories on Mathematics have been considered good by a lot of people.
3. The ideas in the book are not interesting

5. Berikut adalah kata benda yang mempunyai bentuk Jamak (plural) tidak beraturan

Contoh :
1.I have one child, but my sister has two children.
2.My child has four teeth

Ada juga kata benda yang mempunyai bentuk singular dan pluralnya sama

Contoh :
1. I see a sheep over there.
2. Two sheep are standing.

Kata-kata berikut selalu plural
Contoh :
1. My trousers are new.
2. The scissors have been bought

6. Gerund
Gerund dianggap singular. Contoh : I. Buying a lot of books is her hobby

7. Ungkapan waktu (time), uang (money) jarak (distance) menggunakan singular.

Contoh :
1. Two hours of sleep is enough for me
2. Ten dollars is too expensive for tha small toy.

8. Kata-kata berikut berakhiran S tapi dianggap singular

News
The United States
The Philippines
The United Nations
Physics
Civics
Economics

Contoh :
1. The United States is a big country.
2. Economics is difficult for me.

9. The police dan people dianggap plural.

Contoh :
1. These people are from Egypt.
2. The police have come

10. Pronoun (Kata Ganti).

Contoh :
1. This is your book. This is yours.
2. They do the homework themselves.
3. I have a cat-Its tail is black (Its tail adalah ekor dari seekor kucing)

11. A number of berarti sejumlah, diangap plural, sedangkan the number of (jumlah) dianggap singular

Contoh :
1. A number of students are studying.
2. The number of students is five

12. Kalimat yang dimulai dengan there,subjeknya muncul setelah verb/to be.

Contoh :
1.There is a storm approaching.

To be Subject
2. There are some books on the table.
To be Subject

13. Either/Neither/not only/both

Either or (salah satu).
Neither…. nor…. (tidak keduanya).

Not only but also (tidak hanya tapi juga).
Both and (keduanya).
Yang dianggap Subjek adalah noun yang terdekat dengan verbnya
Contoh :
1. Either John or his friends go swimming every week.
2. Not only they but also John goes swimming every week.

Untuk both and (keduanya),
Subjeknya dianggap Plural.

Untuk both and (keduanya),
Subjeknya dianggap Plural.

14. Every, each, each of (diikuti Plural) tapi dianggap Singular

Contoh :
1. Every student is ready for Ujian Nasional.
2. Each of the teachers has come.

Pada kalimat no. 2 each of diikuti oleh Plural, tapi dianggap Singular.

15. Neither of dan Either of diikuti Plural tapi dianggap Singular

Contoh :
1. Neither of the books is good. (Tidak satupun buku yang bagus).
2. Either of the participants is happy now. (Salah satu dari peserta bahagia sekarang).

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